Pregnancy is different for all females. Some females have normal pregnancy and give birth to babies naturally. On the other hand, some females have health issues during pregnancy. These issues are sometimes bigger and create a lot of problems for pregnant women, foetuses, or both. After knowing that you are pregnant through a blood test for pregnancy, you should consult your doctor to discuss your health during pregnancy. Interaction with a gynaecologist/obstetrician will help you know about some common complications of pregnancy with treatment options. Here are those complications:    

 

  1. High blood pressure

It occurs to you when your arteries are narrowed. High blood pressure has a close association with a higher risk of several other complications such as preeclampsia. It makes you give birth to your baby very early. Further, you might have gestational hypertension and chronic hypertension around the 20th week of your pregnancy.   

 

  1. Gestational diabetes

It occurs to you due to no proper process of sugars in your body. Due to this, your bloodstream has a higher level of sugar. You need to make a few changes in your diet to control the sugar levels in your body. Your doctor may ask you to take insulin for managing your blood sugars. After pregnancy, it fades away from you.     

 

  1. Preterm labour 

Before the 37th week of your pregnancy, you might have preterm labour. It is the time before your baby’s organs like the brain and lungs complete the development process. It can increase health issues in your body and your baby. When it happens, you may experience:

 

  • Increase of vaginal discharge
  • Back pain that radiates to the abdomen
  • Contractions 
  • Pressure in the pelvic area
  • Cramping

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  1. Preeclampsia 

Also known as toxaemia, preeclampsia happens to you after the 2o weeks of your pregnancy. It causes you to have kidney problems and high blood pressure. When it occurs, you might experience:

 

  • Changes in vision
  • Difficulty breathing  
  • Pain underneath the ribs
  • Severe headache

 

Your doctor will regularly check your high blood pressure during your routine visits. The doctor can advise you to have kidney and liver function tests if you have a high blood pressure. Further, the doctor will ask you for delivery with the inducement of labour if your pregnancy is between 37 and 40 weeks.  

 

  1. Miscarriage 

Usually, some females face miscarriages, loss of pregnancy, during the first 20 weeks. As per a report of the APA (American Pregnancy Association), approximately 20% of pregnant women have miscarriages. Sometimes, it happens to females when they are not aware of their pregnancy. There is no way or treatment to prevent miscarriages. You might have a miscarriage if you have:

 

  • Infections
  • Chronic health issues
  • Problems with the placenta 

 

  1. Anaemia

It occurs to you when your body has a lower number of red blood cells. A lack of iron in your blood can make you have anaemia. Your doctor may advise you to take folic acids and iron supplements to prevent you from it or treat iron deficiency. If it happens, you will experience:

 

  • Breath shortness
  • Tiredness 
  • Increase in your heartbeat 
  • Faint feeling 

 

  1. Infections 

A wide variety of viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections can make your pregnancy complicated. Any type of infection is harmful for you and your baby. You should get the right treatment if you have an infection. Some common infections that you may have during pregnancy are as follows:

 

  • A urinary tract infection
  • Group B Streptococcus
  • Hepatitis B virus
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • A yeast infection
  • Zika virus
  • Influenza
  • Toxoplasmosis

 

  1. Mental health issues 

During pregnancy, you have several physical changes in your body. In addition, you may experience changes in your mood and other psychological changes such as anxiety and depression. You need to treat your mental health problems as you notice anything significant. During your pregnancy, you may experience:

 

  • Sad or low mood
  • Loss of interest in enjoyable activities
  • Change in appetite, energy, or sleep
  • Difficulty in making decisions or concentrating
  • Feeling shame, guilt, or worthlessness
  • Thoughts that life is not worth living  

 

  1. Other complications

You may have some other complications like constant vomiting or nausea, and iron deficiency.   

 

Conclusion 

You are different from others. And so, your pregnancy may be different from other females. It is possible that you may have some complications during your pregnancy. Anaemia, gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, preeclampsia, infections, anxiety, etc. are some common pregnancy complications you may experience.

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